Rollei Users Group FAQ document

Frequently Asked/Answered questions on the Rollei Users List.

Contributors, alphabetical order

Torbjorn Aase, Arthur, Marc Attinasi, Siu Fai Au, Joe B., Herb Bauer, Todd
Belcher, Emmanuel Bigler, Mike Bischof, Ross Bleasdale, Jan Böttcher, Adam
Bujak, Andrei Calciu, Carter, Robert Chiasson, Douglas Anthony Cooper,
Bernard Cousineau, Richard Coutant, Guido Cova, Jens Patric Dahlen, Jan
Decher, Slobodan Dimitrov, Stephen J. Dunn, Tim Ellestad, Charles Everitt,
Hauke Fath, Harry Fleenor, Per Einar Forberg, Robert Fox, Thomas A. Frank,
Austin Franklin, Carlos Manuel Freaza, Eric Goldstein, Vincent L. Gookin,
Frans de Gruijter, Bob Haight, Klaus Harms, Jan Helder, Jim Hemenway, John
Hicks, Greg Hubbard, Rick Huber, George Ivanyo, Martin Jangowski, J.W.
Jensen, Gene Johnson, Dan Kalish, Sven Keller, T.C. Khoo, G. King
(TrueBadger), Vick Ko, Richard Knoppow, P.K. Kollas, Peter Kotsinadelis, Ed
Krebs (Arlo T. Dog), Hans Peter Lammerich, Rich Lahrson (tripspud), Gerald
"Jerry" Lehrer, Michael B. Levy, John A. Lind, Rob McElroy, Sanders McNew,
Ben R. McRee, Uwe Mader, Mark Malkin, Bill Maxwell, Larry Merrill, Jeff
Metzger, Robert Monaghan, Neil, Lawrence Ober, Graeme Oxley, Matthew
Phillips, Jacques-B. Pichette, Reg Ronaldson, Dirk Roger Schmitt, Stefan
Scholz [Rollei Service Manager], Lloyd Schultz, David Seifert, Bob Shell,
Rei Shinozuka, Frederic Silberman, Marc James Small, Tim Spragens, Phil
Stiles, Mike Stoesz, Ferdi Stutterheim, Donald M. Sturles, "QWhoZeiss",
Jorge M. Treviño, Richard Urmonas, Jerry Waid, Nathan Wajsman, Howard
Wells, Don Williams, Roger Wiser, Peter Wolff, Nolan Woodbury, Dave Wyman,
Allen Zak.

Revised:   January 5, 2012

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
2. Favourite Acronyms and Trademarks
   2.1 Various film sizes and formats
   2.2 Acronyms and Trademarks
3. Information available on the World Wide Web
   3.1 Archives of the Rollei Users group
   3.2 Rollei-related WWW links
     3.2.1 web sites, general Rollei information
     3.2.2 web pages with advice and answers to specific photographic questions
     3.2.3 web pages with advice and answers to specific Rollei questions
     3.2.4 Do-it-Yourself: maintenance, repair, home-made accessories
     3.2.5 Rollei-Voigtländer products
   3.3 References to Clubs or non-profit organisations related to Rollei cameras
4. Bibliography
   4.1 Technical and historical books and articles on Rollei cameras
     4.1.1 Books
     4.1.2 Magazine Articles
   4.2 Photographers' works ; most images taken with a Rollei camera
   4.3 Miscellaneous books with (among others) images taken with a Rollei camera
5. Miscellaneous references about Rollei and Rollei images : museum
   collections, movies, songs, etc...


1. Introduction

Thanks to Ferdi Stutterheim this document is hosted on:

The old archives of the discussion group are now here:
To access one particular month e.g. 2003-06, goto

To get a copy of the very last version of the Rollei Users List /
Rollei Users Group (the RUG) text FAQ by e-mail, between WWW releases
on Ferdi Stutterheim's site, please send me a blank e-mail message to
bigler, at ens2m dot fr, with either of the following subject lines:

  send rug faq         (to get the pure ASCII text version)
  send mime faq.html   (to get the .html version as an attached file)


** list management issues

Where is the Rollei Users Group mailing list ?

For 8 years (1996-2004), Marc James Small's Rollei Users List / Rollei
Users Group has been hosted on a computer named : The interface was named : majordomo software.
8 years is pretty close to a geological era in computer science ;
meanwhile and after successfully crossing the Y2K barrier without much
trouble, the Internet and related software has become more reliable,
more user-friendly. No surprise that some day, an upgrade would be
necessary for the Rollei Users List / Rollei Users Group. This upgrade
took place as of January 2005, the new service managing the Rollei Users
List is named :

Rollei Users Group e-mail addresses and subscription procedures are as

In order to be able to post messages to the list, you need to register
by providing a valid e-mail address.

Through a web interface go to :

After you have registered (see below), simply e-mail your messages to :
rollei_list at freelists dot org

and your message will be mailed to all registered rollei_list users.
The archives of the rollei_list are directly accessible here :

For example, all messages dated February 2005 are here :

Please take good note that the proper list on for which
this FAQ is maintained is : rollei_list, the continuation of Marc
James Small's 'mejac-majordomo' Rollei list.

OK now assume that you are on
You'll see something like this :

Rollei List
# Name: Rollei List

# Description: This is a list dedicated to the technical history of
  the evolution of the Rolleiflex camera from its original inception
  by Franke & Heidecke as a stereo camera in the 1920's to the
  medium-format and digital cameras produced today. The list emphasis
  is on the rapid development of lens and shutter designs spurred by
  the Rolleiflex cameras over the past eight decades and the impact
  these cameras are having today on the evolving technology of digital

# List Category: Arts/Media
# Webpage: List administrator hasn't yet setup this list's webpage
# List Archive:
# RSS Feed:
# List Type (help): Open discussion
# Login directly to this list
# Enter your email address:

A pop-up menu offers several options. If you are not yet a registered
RUG-ger, choose 'subscribe' after providing a valid e-mail address,
for example : smith@mycomputer.mydomain

Enter your email address: smith@mycomputer.mydomain ¦ Subscribe              ¦
                                                    ¦ Unsubscribe            ¦
                                                    ¦ Turn Digest mode on    ¦
                                                    ¦ Turn Digest mode off   ¦
                                                    ¦ Turn Vacation mode on  ¦
                                                    ¦ Turn Vacation mode off ¦
                                                    ¦ Get Help               ¦

Soon hereafter, you'll receive the following e-mail at the address
you've just provided :

Someone, perhaps you, has attempted to log in using your
e-mail address at the mailing list interface at:

In order to continue, please paste the following line into
the web form.  (This code will expire if not used.)

(undecipherable code) ;-)

Alternatively, you can go to: code)


For example, to the request : "get help" you'll receive the following
text message by mail :

** Ecartis Help File **
By Rachel Blackman, JT Traub and Ryan T. Dean

        Send a message to the ecartis account on the server with a subject
        of "lists".  A list of lists hosted by the server will be returned
        to you.


        Send a message to the ecartis account on the server (you can just
        reply to this message).  In the subject field, enter "subscribe
        [listname]".  Or, you can send a message to "[listname]-request"
        with a subject of "subscribe".

        Send a message to the ecartis account on the server (you can just
        reply to this message).  Enter "unsubscribe [listname]" in the
        subject field.  You can also send a message to
        "[listname]-request" with a subject of "unsubscribe".
        While you should NOT send your unsubscribe command to the list
        itself, Ecartis will attempt to trap such erroneous postings and
        forward them to the list administrators for proper handling.

        Send a message to the ecartis account on the server with a subject
        of "set [listname] digest".  This will turn on digests, and you
        will receive a digest however often the server is configured to
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        Send a message to the ecartis account on the server with a subject
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        Send a message to the ecartis account on the server with a subject
        of "set [listname] digest2".  This will activate digest mode with
        normal posting.  As each message is posted to the list it will be
        sent to you, and you will receive a digest as well.  This flag
        should be used INSTEAD of digest, NOT IN ADDITION TO.
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        message to the ecartis account with a subject of "unset [listname]
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        Send a message to the ecartis account on the server with a subject
        of "who [listname]".  You will receive a list of people subscribed
        to the list who are not hidden.  Admins will be able to see
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        Send a message to the ecartis account on the server with a subject
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        Send a message to the ecartis account on the server with a subject
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        To come back from vacation, eMail the ecartis account with a
        subject of "unset [listname] vacation".

        Send a message to the ecartis account on the server with a subject
        of "stats [listname]".  You will get a list of all the flags
        currently set on your account.

        Send a message to the ecartis account on the server with a subject
        of "flags".  An eMail will be sent to you with the available flags
        that you can set on your account.

        Send a message to the ecartis account on the server with a subject
        of "commands".  An eMail will be sent to you with all the commands
        that the server and any installed modules offer.


You may get all this information by sending requests as explained
above to the FreeLists Mailing List Manager ecartis at freelists dot org

You may also subscribe and un-subscribe 100% old-style 100% by e-mail
no-web - pure ASCII ;-) without the web interface by sending commands
in the "subject" line to
ecartis at freelists dot org, subject 'subscribe rollei_list'

or to
'rollei_list at freelists dot org'  subject : 'subscribe'


If everything fails, you may go to the freelists help pages :

For now there's a FAQ at
and full documentation is available at


So after this long preamble, welcome to our list and let us talk about
Rollei camera and products. In addition to the welcome message please
find here a document to help you to find useful information about the
discussion list itself as well as general information about Rollei
cameras. This document is mostly a collection of web pointers. Web
URLs can vanish any day without notice, so you'll find conventional
bibliographical references and a few detailed explanations.

For several years, there used to be another FAQ project, different in its
spirit and complementary, under the form of a web page (for more
information please e-mail Ed at edhoo, at or rolleifaq, at

As of Feb. 2007, this FAQ did not seem to be active any longer, however it
did contain useful information. As of April 2011, the above link no longer
However, a copy has been archived here on


Linguistic foreword: we are an international group mostly speaking
about German cameras, although the exchanges do take place in English.
Group members frequently use various acronyms, abbreviations and
trademarks explained below.

The original German pronunciation for "Rollei" sounds like "Roll-eye" in

Note about HTML code in messages: this is an "ASCII-only" discussion
group: mostly 7-bit US-ASCII + international ISO extensions like
ISO-8859-1 or ISO-8859-15. Do not be surprised if sometimes some 8-bit
characters (e.g. German words in original spelling) or as of Jan. 2002
the new Euro currency sign do appear.

By courtesy to other RUGgers that may have all varieties of mail
reading software all over the world, you are kindly requested to
switch-off any HTML code (although this HTML is, strictly speaking,
7-bit ASCII only) from your posts. This will also reduce the amount of
redundant transferred data. If you need assistance to find the
relevant "hidden software switch" you'll certainly find another RUGger
with the same mailing system as you who will help you efficiently.

Or check the following link: "Configuring Mail Clients to Send Plain
ASCII Text ; What is wrong with sending HTML or MIME messages?"

However please feel free to list WWW reference links like
"", since many mail reader systems will
automatically transform the string into an active WWW link by
detecting the "http://" header.

Marc James Small has added here a special humorous comment for
people who find unsubscription procedures to the RUG far too easy


2. Frequently used acronyms and trademarks (TM)


   2.1 Various film sizes and formats

Goldeck cassette   16mm film special cartridge for Rollei 16
                                               and Rollei 16S

APS               for Rollei Nano

110         pocket film cassette for Rollei A110 and E 110

117     an obsolete rollfilm size used by the original Rolleiflex

126         instamatic cassette for Rollei A26 and Rolleiflex SL 26

127    size code for small rollfilm used in the "baby" Rolleiflex TLR,
     12 frames, image size 4x4 cm (38x38 mm, 1.5"x1.5") "superslides".

135      most popular film size used for 24x36mm and 18x24mm cameras and
or 35mm  also on Rollei 6x6 TLRs with the Rolleikin adaptor.

120   size code for un-perforated rollfilm, width = 61mm, with black
      backing paper, used in medium format cameras. Allows various
      formats to be obtained on the same roll, namely (metric sizes in
      cm) 4.5x6, 6x6, 6x7, 6x8, 6x9, and panoramic 6x12, 6x17.

220   similar to 120 but with twice as many frames per roll, no backing
      paper except at start and end of film.

6x6  6x6cm (2"1/4x2"1/4) square format (actually ~ 56mmx56mm) used by
     medium format cameras including of course Rollei TLRs and SLRs.

6x9   6x9cm (2"1/4x3"1/4) format (actually ~ 56mmx82mm) used by medium
      format and view cameras on 120 or 220 rollfilm.

6.5x9   6.5x9cm (2"1/2x3"1/2) format (actual film size ~63.5x88.5mm)
        sheet film size adaptable on a Rollei TLRs or SLRs with a
        special adaptor back.

4x5   4"x5" sheet film size used on view or field cameras


  2.2 favourite acronyms, photographic terms and trademarks

CLA    Clean, Lube, Adjust: maintenance of a mechanical shutter
Compur (TM) a famous type of leaf shutter used on various Rollei
            cameras. Formerly a brand name of the Deckel company, Munich

Synchro-Compur (TM) same as above but with a contact system to allow
                    flash synchronisation.

CZ      Carl Zeiss (Germany)
CZJ     Carl Zeiss Jena (Germany)

Cord   'cord or short for "Rolleicord"

Distagon (TM) wide-angle lens made by Carl Zeiss or Rollei under licence
              found on the rare Rolleiflex 6x6 TLR "wide", on 6x6 SLRs,
              and 35mm cameras.

DIY       Do-It-Yourself

DBP/DBGM  DBP means Deutches BundesPatent or "German Patent". BGM stands
           for "Deutsches BundesGebrauchsMuster" which translates to
           "German Federal Registered Design" and is a simplified form
           of a patent. These mentions were engraved on R-TLRs.

DRP/DRGM   same for pre-WWII cameras and until ~1951.

DOF     Depth of Field

Duonar (TM) Zeiss tele-attachment for R-TLRs (mid-1950's)

EL (TM?) "Economy Line" budget-line of lenses used on Rollei 600x MF SLR cameras.

ERC    Ever-Ready Case. Often mocked at as 'Never-Ready'

EVS    Exposure Value Scale. Speaking of Rollei TLR cameras: denotes a geared
       interlock system of shutter/f-stop thumbwheels used in the 1950's.

Flex   'flex or short for "Rolleiflex"

Heidoscop (TM)  Early stereo camera (for plates, later a roll film
                adaptor available)

HFT (TM)   "High Fidelity Transfer" Rollei's proprietary lens
            multi-coating technology. (coating = "Vergütung" in German)

IB     Instruction Book or Owner's Manual
       (often missing when buying a second-hand camera)

JSK     Jos. Schneider, Bad-Kreuznach (Germany)

LTM   Leica Thread Mount 39mmx26tpi thread lens mount for Leica cameras
      and compatible

LN     Like New         \  second-hand cameras for sale
LNIB   Like New In Box  /

Magnar (TM) Zeiss tele-attachment for R-TLRs (pre-WWII, post WWII)

MF    Medium Format (cameras, film, digital backs, images...)

Mutar  (TM) generic name by Zeiss for tele- or wide-angle attachments or
           converters for R-TLRs, R-SLRs and other Zeiss-equipped cameras.

MXV   system found on synchronised shutters that allows either M-agnesium
      flash synch, electronic (X) flash synch and self-timer (V for Vorlaufwerk)

OPTON OPT-ische (Werke) O-berkoche-N a brand named used by the West
      German branch of Carl Zeiss after WW-II until the German
      re-unification in 1990. Read more about the story: (M. J. Small)

P11 (TM?)    a classic Rollei dual format (medium format / 35 mm) slide
             projector from the sixties

P66 (TM?)    a line of Rollei medium format 6x6 projectors that followed the P11.

Planar (TM)  a 5-, 6-, or 7-element lens by Carl Zeiss or Rollei under
             licence found on Rollei TLRs and SLRs (and of course on
             other brands using Zeiss lenses).

PQ  (TM?)   "Professional Quality" type of lenses used on Rollei 600x MF SLR cameras
PQS (TM?)    similar to PQ  but with a unique 1/1000s fast leaf shutter.

QBM (TM?)   lens bayonet mount for Rollei 35mm SLRs

R-TLR    Rollei twin-lens reflex camera

RUG      Rollei Users Group, this list

Rolleicopi (TM) a rare modified Rolleicord designed for Polaroïd(TM)
                shots from an oscilloscope

Rolleiflex (TM) trademark of various TLR and SLR cameras by Rollei

Rolleifix  (TM) quick-release plate for Rollei TLRs.

Rolleikin  (TM) a device allowing the use of 35mm film in a Rollei TLR

Rolleidoscop (TM) Evolution Heidoscop stereo camera for roll film only

Rolleiscop   (TM) Projector for slides in 5x5 cm mounts

Rolleilux (TM) an early non-coupled selenium exposure meter to be attached to a R-TLR lens hood

Rolleinar    (TM) Close up lens for Rolleiflex, later brand name of
                  Rollei-SLR lenses

Rolleiparkeil (TM) the viewing (lens+prism) part of the Rolleinar set (early versions)

Rolleiphot (TM) a kind of pre-WWII non-photoelectric exposure meter for R-TLRs

Rolleipol    (TM) polarising filter

Rugger    a member of the RUG discussing list

SLR   a Single-Lens Reflex camera like the Rolleiflex SL66, SLX and SL
       6000 series as well as 35 mm Rollei SLR's.

Sonnar (TM) 4- or 5-element lens by Carl Zeiss or Rollei under licence found
            on the Tele-Rolleiflex 6x6 TLR, on 6x6 SLRs as well as some
            35 mm cameras

Tessar (TM) 4-element lens by Carl Zeiss or Rollei under licence found
            on various Rollei TLRs as on some Rollei 35mm cameras.

TLR    a Twin-Lens Reflex camera like the classical Rolleiflex.

TTL   "Through the Lens" (light metering in most of modern SLR cameras)

TTVL  "Through the Viewing Lens" (light metering in the 2.8 GX)

Triotar (TM) 3-element lens by Carl Zeiss or Rollei under licence
             found on early TLRs as well as on some Rollei 35mm

UV          Ultra-Violet (for optical filters)

WLF    Waist Level Finder, associated with a folding viewing hood.

WWII   The second World War like in ".. it was a pre-WWII design.."

Xenar (TM) 4-element lens made by Schneider Kreuznach found on various
           Rollei TLRs, some Rollei 35 and recent point-and-shoot Rolleis.

Xenotar (TM) 5- or 6-element lens by Schneider Kreuznach found on
             rollei TLRs and SLRs. Denotes also some kind of projection lenses
             for Rollei 6x6 slide projectors.


Other acronyms, also shared by discussion groups in English on the

AFAIK  As Far As I Know

BTW    By The Way

FAQ    see

FS     For Sale ; according to the RUG's rule: Friday's Buy/Sell posts

FWIW   For What Its Worth

IMHO   In My Humble Opinion

MBG    Money Back Guarantee (on Fridays of course) see "admin" posts by M.J. Small

LOL    Laughing Out Loud

OT     Off-Topic posts (in the subject line)

(TM)   ASCII rendition of the trademark-superscript symbol

WOT    Way Off-Topic

WTB    Want To Buy (for Friday's Buy/Sell posts)

For other Internet acronyms and jargon you should refer to Eric
Raymond's authoritative work esr, at available (among
numerous other sites) on the following web sites


3. Information available on the World Wide Web


   3.1 Archives of the Rollei Users List / Rollei Users Group:

** from 1996 to 2004 the "official" RUG ROLLEI-digest repository was

This archive is no longer maintained and its contents has been
re-installed on-line thanks to Ferdi Stutterheim:

Those archives are not searchable... except when they'll eventually be
indexed by companies who provide Internet search engines...

As of July, 2007, the archive appears to have been partly to totally
indexed by google. So you can use the following google request:

site:  keyword-1 keyword-2 keyword-3
site:  "keyword-1 keyword-2" keyword-3
with quotes if you want that the string "keyword-1 keyword-2" be
looked for as a whole string.

For example to extract messages relevant to the Rolleiflex T model:
site:  "rolleiflex t"

The long url of this google search, launched from France, looks like:,or.r_gc.r_pw.,cf.osb&fp=758df7bc0fd86509&biw=1189&bih=715

The "rolleiflex t" request to the archive returns noting less than
1100 messages of interest!

The following google request
site: "rolleiflex t" small 2002 jun,or.r_gc.r_pw.,cf.osb&fp=758df7bc0fd86509&biw=1189&bih=715

will restrict the number of messages to only 2...

The archive is organised in html format with active links. As usual on
the Internet many web pages disappear so many links are broken.

** former digistar archive (link no longer active)

Thanks to the courtesy of Jason Buchanan, the digistar archive used to
host the old archives as of May, 1999 and after Jan. 2005 continued to
store and display messages now managed by This archive
is no longer available. Use the following link instead:

** former rollei-gallery and current rolleiusersgroup image gallery on

For several years, a web gallery was provided by Eric Goldstein at for list members to show their pictures. Now the
continuation of this gallery, managed by E. Goldstein can be found here:

Other groups on flickr use Rollei-branded cameras & products   (baby rollei 4x4) (rollei 35S) (rollei QZ35) (rollei IR400 film)

** freelists archive as of Jan. 2005

This is the new repository of all messages generated by the Rollei
list after Jan. 2005 when it moved to the freelists web site.

The freelists management software provides a search engine.

Simply type the requested keywords in the requested space

Archive for list rollei_list
[View Info Page] [Subscribe via RSS]

Browse:              Search:

                     | planar xenotar best | Search

    * 2007
          o ....
          o ....
          o 02-2007
          o ....


To get, for example, a list of messages related to the subject
"rolleiflex planar vs xenotar" (probably the FAQ ;-);-), type the
previous keywords in the "search" field. Keyword spelling is
insensitive to case.

Below is a list of useful keywords to look for, as an answer to
frequently asked questions. Most often you'll have to refine your
search (additional keyword, "Boolean" and/or search) to narrow down to
a tractable number of messages. Clicking on one message shows the full
text of the Rugger's contribution in the freelists archive format,
i.e. you'll have immediate access to the related messages in the same

keyword(s) search:   |     related topic
repair  CLA              "Where do I get my Rollei repaired ?" (~15 messages)
planar vs. xenotar       "Which is the best lens ?" (a few hundred messages ,;-))
tessar vs. xenar          (~40 messages)

front element focus      "On my Rollei 35 Tessar, how do I actually focus ?"
front cell focus         "I have a Super Ikonta..."

7 element planar          beware a single digit like "6"
6 element planar          is not an efficient search filter
                        Various TLR and SLR lens formulae
5 element planar

rolleinar close up       focusing closer than 1 metre with a R-TLR
                         caution: "rolleinar"  was also used for a line of SLR lenses

step ring filter         adapting regular threaded filters on Rollei cameras
bay to screw

bayonet size             Rollei bayonet filter mount
outer bayonet            for lens shades/hoods

cut film back            TLR/SL66 adapter for individual 6.5x9cm sheet/cut film
sheet film adapter

rolleifix                quick-release plate for the R-TLR
flash bracket            "How do I attach a flash unit to a R-TLR ?"

battery (ies)            replacement batteries for older 35mm models
battery 35               for the rollei 35
mercury                  "Mercury batteries: illegal for my R-35 ?"

cementing                rebuilding a lens, repairing a prism
coating                  anti-reflection coating

exposure meter           many Rollei camera have a built-in meter
selenium                 but many Ruggers use a hand-held meter as well
meter E                  specific meter of the 'E' and 'T' R-TLR
meter diffusor

ev table                 correspondence between Exposure Values
ev chart                 and aperture-speeds

advice on specific camera models

serial  number           "Which model do I have ?"

rolleiflex t
rolleiflex 3.5
rolleiflex 2.8
tele rolleiflex         the rare Tele Rolleiflex
rolleiwide              the even more rare Wide Angle Rolleiflex

rolleiflex 6000
rolleiflex 6001
rolleiflex 6003
rolleiflex 6008

rollei 35 S
rollei 35 SE
rollei 35 T

which rollei 35
rollei 35 minox        "How do they compare" ?
rollei 35s competitors

rollei SL35
rollei SL2000
rollei 3000

rollei a26
rollei a110
rollei xf35

qz 35


ISBN                     favourite reference books
Parker Prochnow book     "Who is the best author of Rollei books ?"

leather case            taking care of camera cases and straps
leather case stitch     "Who cares for a 50+ years old case !?"
scissor strap repair

Rollei stereo            taking stereo pairs with Rollei cameras
stereo R-TLR

rollei NASA shuttle      "Yes some Rollei cameras have been to Space !"
relevant posts, by Bob Salomon:
initial  post : rollei-digest v01/v01.n730    Friday, 15 May 1998
read it here:

see also:
a copy can be found here


Below is another list of photographic subjects outside the Rollei
world, for which you may find good advice from expert Ruggers ; the
keywords are self-explanatory, but you should combine with other
keywords. On the freelist archive and as of Feb. 2007, for example
"darkroom" will match not less that 450 messages ; the keyword "film"
matches about 2700 messages but "film permanence" brings you to a very
interesting discussion thread ; "filter" matches close to 700
messages, "orange filter" (28 matches) focuses on various issues with
orange and B&W filters.

keyword(s) search:             related topic:

depth of field         depth of field issues

slide          "Hi, What is your favourite slide film here ?"

case bag

pixel          "Hi, Do you think digital is the way to go?"

cold weather    using a camera in cold weather conditions



   3.2 Rollei-related WWW links

     3.2.1 web sites, general Rollei information

From Sept. 2005 to Jan. 2010, the Rollei brand name has been the
property of a small company named Rollei GmbH, initially located in
Berlin. As of January 2010, the Rollei brand is the property of a
company named RCP-Technik GmbH & Co. KG Tarpen 40, Gebäude 6b D-22419
Hamburg, Germany, a distributor of consumer digital cameras and other
consumer photo equipment.

The web sites now
re-directs to

The brand name "Rollei" is licenced to other companies including MAHN
and CO a German film distributor: HANS O. MAHN GmbH & Co. KG,
Brookstieg 4, D-22145 Stapelfeld, Germany.

The former Rollei factory in Braunschweig had been hosting for a few
years a manufacturing company named Franke und Heidecke GmbH that
eventually went bankrupt in 2009. F&H besides its fabrication of
medium format cameras (film and digital), and slide projectors, was a
sub-contractor in the field of fine mechanics and optics. F&H
developed the HY6 medium format camera project with Jenoptik, also
sold under the brand SINAR, but eventually Jenoptik decided to withdraw
from the photographic business after F&H's bankruptcy.

See Emmanuel Bigler's flickr pages to have an idea of how the factory
looked like in 2006.

This could have been the end of a long story, but a new company named
DWH Fototechnic was formed, which as of 2011 continues the fabrication
of medium format camera and projector equipment.

DHW is named after the initials of the founder of the company, Rolf Daus,
Hans und Katharina Hartje, Frank Will.

Read more (in German):

The company is located in one of the former Rollei factory buildings in
Salzdahlumer street, where the original red brick buildings were built in
1929 by the father-founders Paul Franke and Reinhold Heidecke.

DHW Fototechnik GmbH, Salzdahlumer Strasse 196, D-38126 Braunschweig,

DHW Fototechnic had a booth at the 2010 Photokina fair in Cologne.

DHW Fototechnic Braunschweig, has of course some links and commercial
agreements with RCP technik, but the two companies are otherwise
separate entities.

As of summer 2007, F&H used to publish a newsletter, "Quadrat"
First issue:   (dead link) (dead link)

There was a second issue published, but since the company Franke & Heidecke
GmbH was bankrupt, the above links seem no longer active.


A report by Ferdi Stutterheim: Rollei Braunschweig factory visit on
May 10-11, 2001

Ferdi Stutterheim : Rollei Braunschweig factory visit on May 8-9, 2003
A French version of this report

A visit to the Franke & Heidecke factory in March 2006 by Dirk-Roger
Schmitt and Emmanuel Bigler

Images of the F&H buildings in Salzdahlumer Straße as well as the
former Voigtländer factory:

In the fifties: (C.M. Freaza)

Rollei-Werke vs. Rollei Fototechnic, a note about the history of the
Rollei company by M.J. Small:

New Rollei share holders, as of Nov. 2002 by D.-R. Schmitt

New organization of the company, Rollei and Franke & Heidecke as of
Sept. 2005 : "Franke & Heidecke re-established" (D-R. Schmitt)

Pictures taken inside the Rollei factory... in the Golden age of the
Rollei TLR, 1959 (as certified by Claus Prochnow) (C. M. Freaza) 1950's (C. M. Freaza)

the famous "Kraemer-Bau" building (D.R. Schmitt) (E. Bigler)

The former machine shop (E. Bigler) (C.M. Freaza)     F&H today


Famous lens companies, partners of Rollei for a long time:
Carl Zeiss  (Germany)
   where you can find  "A Virtual Tour of the Lens Production" in Oberkochen.
   and a virtual demo of angles of view "Changing Lenses Interactive"              General info in English              Camera lens section (North America)

About the history of the Zeiss company:

Schneider Kreuznach: (Germany)


On US partnership between Rollei and Honeywell (G. Lehrer)

"Yes some Rollei cameras have been to Space !"
relevant post, by Bob Salomon: "NASA 6008 cameras for the shuttle"
rollei-digest v01/v01.n730    Friday, 15 May 1998
see also:
a copy can be found here


A short list of non-commercial (except Rollei, Zeiss and Schneider
factory sites) web sites where you'll find useful information and
links to numerous other Rollei-related web sites not listed here:


There used to be some datasheet here, for current medium format cameras,
recent TLRs and 600x series (dead link)

Since the bankruptcy of F&H, the web site re-directs to
RCP-Technik GmbH & Co. KG, this company has no
connection with 6x6 professional Rollei cameras, manufactured by DHW

-------------------------------------------------       Claus Prochnow's Web site.
                                   See bibliography in sec. 4.1
a copy can be found here
From Dave Wyman : "A Compendium of Links from Around the World -
Scroll Down to View Resources, Galleries and Biographies"
   R-TLR serial numbers plus images by Siu Fai Au, the Netherlands
A virtual tour of Jan Böttcher's private Rollei museum. (C. M. Freaza) F. Ouellette's Rollei page  John Powell's  Rollei page   Peter Williams page Per-Anders Westman's site (in Swedish, some pages in English)           Ove Karksson's site (Swedish) (R. Korhonen's TLR page, in English)              Julian Oliver Bell's site (English)  Peter Wolff's "Rolleiflex Wallpaper Gallery"          Kurt Tauber (German)  F. Lakiere's Rollei collection (in Dutch)   (In Japanese)

Rollei threads in Medium Format Digest:       \             \            >  Manuals        (in German)  / / (Rolleiflex T, G. Oxley) (Rolleiflex SL66, M. Buktus)


A collection of instructions manuals for classical photographic
equipement (including some Rollei camera and accessories), thanks to
Richard Urmonas

To identify some Rollei accessories go to the Rollei Practical
Accessories Manual

as of 1954 :
Rolleinar 1 and 2, Rolleipar 1 and 2, Rolleinar 2.8C, Rollei Filters,
Rolleigrid, Lens Hood, Auxiliary Focusing Knob, Extension Hood,
Rolleipol, Rolleisoft Lens 0 and 1, Panorama Head, Plate-Adapter,
Rolleikin 2, Rolleimeter, Lens Accessory Sequence, Rolleiflash

as of 1960 :
Lens Hood, Rolleilux, Exposure Meter, Rolleinars, Rolleiflash 2,
Colour Conversion Filters, H1 Haze Filter, Filters for Black and
White, UV Filter, Infrared Filter, ND Filters, Rolleisoft, Rolleipol,
Minature Format Adapters, Plate Back, Optically Flat Glass Plate,
Pistol Grip, Panorama Head, Rolleifix, Microscope Attachment,
Rolleimarin, Prism Finder, Binocular Focusing Hood, Leather Cases,
Metal Case, Rollei Projector, Projector Adapter

----------------------------------------  (Germany)
this site points to two German-speaking mailing lists, namely
<rollei-mf-info at egroups punkt com>  and <rollei-35mm-info at egroups punkt com>  (K. Harms page, Germany)

A compilation on SLR Rollei cameras in German  Angelo Derqui's
                                       info page on Rollei (in Italian)
a copy can be found here
98 CAMERAS, 98 PICTURES, "the Derqui Collection" pictures from the
Rollei Pocket Book, by Angelo Derqui. (Brazil) (Italy) (France)

A nice repository of many Rollei User's Manuals

     3.2.2 web pages with advice and answers to specific photographic questions

Many questions related to general photography, (which strictly
speaking should be off-topic), are also discussed on the RUG list and
the RUG archive is a good source of information. Some messages posted
on the RUG are referenced below as a direct WWW link to the relevant
mail archived on

A good source on medium format cameras with many links, including one
back here for those who like to explore the web in a closed loop ;-)

About camera/lens trade names and their origin: posts by R. Knoppow ("Rollei Words") ("Lens Names")

About the Greek origin of some lens names: (P. Kotsinadelis)

See also the Carl Zeiss web page in English
experience / lens names / The meaning of our brand names

About basic questions regarding photographic lenses, you can read

and the two following books recommended by Richard Knoppow

 The Photographic Lens second edition, Sidney F. Ray,  1992, The Focal
Press ISBN 0 2405 1329 0 (Soft Cover)

Applied Photographic Optics Second edition, Sidney F. Ray, 1995, The
Focal Press ISBN 0 240 51499 8 (Soft Cover)

The following book by Arthur Cox covers the same subjects and lists
nothing less than 500 lens diagrams covering almost all pre-1975 lens
"Photographic Optics", Cox, Arthur, ISBN 0-240-50844-0 (FOCAL
PRESS, 596pp, 15-th ed., 1975).

Another reference book:
"Optics in Photography", Kingslake, Rudolf, ISBN 0-8194-0763-1,
published by the SPIE (the International Society for Optical Engineers)
(290pp, 1992).

Separation Issues and Zeiss Lenses, by R. Knoppow:
"Balsam issues with some Zeiss lenses?"

Counting the number of elements in a lens, by R. Knoppow:

On front cell focusing (e.g. some Tessars, not R-TLR tessars) by R. Knoppow:

see also some info on this subject in R. Kingslake's
book (ISBN 0-8194-0763-1 page 32)

About lens design then (1964) and now (1996)

Lens coating and coverage (R. Knoppow)

Coating Flaws, and historical notes on lens coating (R. Knoppow)

Collimating lenses, a tutorial (R. Knoppow)

Focus shift and spherical aberration, by R. Knoppow

The development of optical glass in the United States (R. Knoppow)

Historical notes on the German tradition of precision craftsmanship in
the camera industry, and related thread on Japanese
competitors: (P. Kotsinadelis) (M.J. Small) (M.J. Small)

On triplet lenses (R. Knoppow)

On the Tessar(TM) lens (J.A. Lind)

On the Biogon(TM) and Super-Angulon(TM) designs and patents by R. Knoppow:

Historical Notes on the Sonnar(TM) lens (D. Seifert) (R. Knoppow)

Light fall-off and bellows factor in retrofocus lenses by, E. Bigler

Wide-angle non-retrofocus lenses: a tribute to Michael Roosinov,
U.S. Patent number 2,516,724, "Wide angle orthoscopic anastigmatic
photographic objective"
Comments &  notes by by R. Knoppow

About the Goerz Hypergon and its mechanical exposure equalizer, by R. Knoppow

On Agfa(TM) lenses and their design, start here (R. Urmonas)

A collection of instructions manuals for classical photographic
equipement (including some Rollei camera and accessories), thanks to
Richard Urmonas

Depth Of Field "DOF" issues

All you need to know about Depth Of Field on Bob Wheeler's web site
 from the most simple...
  the most complex including shift and tilt

Historical notes on DOF lens engravings by R. Knoppow:

On DOF issues, see also R. Kingslake's book (ISBN 0-8194-0763-1,
chapter 5, pp 84-103)

On Scheimpflug's rule by Q.T. Luong

DOF and Scheimpflug's rule: a simple geometrical approach by E. Bigler


Define "Contrast" and "Sharpness" (J. Böttcher)

A tutorial on MTF curves by R. Knoppow


Define the term 'Bokeh', a FAQ on all photographic discussion groups !!

"The shape of the out of focus area of a photo." (Peter Kotsinadelis)

Todd Belcher argues and explains the Japanese origin for this word:
(RUG, January 2004)

"I don't think that's the definition of Bokeh, Peter. Though that is
definitely an aspect of Bokeh. I think a definition of Bokeh would be
more along the lines of: the ability of a lens to render gradations. It
is considered good Bokeh when the gradations are smooth and poor Bokeh
when the gradations are harsh to the eye. The Harshness can be caused
by, as you say, out of round apertures, but can also be caused by the
lens itself. Symptoms of the latter are hard gradations and double
image out of focus areas.
Bokeh was coined by the Japanese and comes from the Japanese word for
gradation: 'bokashi'. The Japanese have, for many centuries, been
concerned with gradations in art, thus, it was not a big step to
consider it's implications in photography....
It is indeed related to Ukioye, Japanese woodblock printing, where
gradations were difficult to produce. The pressing of each sheet to
the woodblock had to have the ink wiped on to the woodblock 'just so'
to attain a nice gradation. In some areas, such as the face of a
character, very small areas may have had gradations and these required
a highly skilled printer to apply with consistency. The Japanese
prized the skill with which these gradations were made and effect they
had on the final image. these gradations made an appearance in
Japanese woodblock prints towards the end of the 1700s and early
1800s. --Todd Belcher"


Lens testing (R. Monaghan) (R. Monaghan) (R. Knoppow)

Diffraction issues in quality photographic lenses, an essay by E. Bigler

Bellows or close-up lenses ? (D. Kalish) (D. Kalish)

Computing the equivalent focal length of a photographic lens fitted
with a supplementary positive or negative lens, by R. Knoppow, E.
Bigler, D. Kalish:

About UV-protective filters. A passionate debate on the RUG:
ARGH! ... the Filter Myth! (selected posts) (Chris Sorensen, start !) (Marc J. Small) (J. Lind) (Mark Rabiner) (Bob Shell) (Marc J. Small) (Richard Knoppow) (Austin Franklin)

Rollei H1 UV filters and Tessar-Xenar lenses, and related thread (C. M. Freaza) (R. Knoppow)

On the classical Weston hand-held selenium meter
The meter is named after Dr. Edward Weston (1850-1936)
This British-born chemist & engineer is not related to the US
photographer Edward Weston (1886-1950)

Technical notes about the Weston meter by R. Knoppow

On calibrating a selenium cell (by D. Williams, see also a long
related thread)

About basic properties of Selenium cells... (R. Knoppow)
... and electrical equivalent circuit of a and Silicon photodiode (E. Bigler)

Incidents vs. reflective metering and gray cards : 18% or 12.5% ?, an
interesting thread. Selected posts: (Bob Shell) (Bob Shell) (R. Knoppow)

6x6 TLR vs. SLR for street photography, and related thread   (Mark Rabiner)

Film issues

Historical notes on ASA, DIN and ISO film speed scales, by R. Knoppow

"Which films were used back then?"  an interesting thread, start here: (L. Schultz)

Historical notes on Kodachrome film, by R. Knoppow

Historical notes on color film, R. Knoppow, and related thread

About the Agfa Rondinax 60 daylight loading and processing tank for
120 rollfilms, thanks to Richard Urmonas:

What is 620 rollfilm ? (G. Johnson)

Yes, they did it : an entire thread about standard tripod threads :
read Marc J. Small's and G. Lehrer's posts plus, of course
related threads ;-)

start here:

Different shutter brands : a primer by Bob Shell and related thread (B. Shell) (R. Knoppow)

About springs in mechanical shutters and cleaning/lubricating
(including R-TLR models), by G. Johnson and R. Knoppow

Leaf shutter technology, a tutorial by Richard Knoppow

About leaf shutter thread sizes, lens mounts, flange to film plane
distances in various cameras, etc : see W.J. Markerink's web page
(pointed to the RUG by H. Wells and G. Ivanyo)
See also S.K. Grimes's web site

Synchro Compur new and old (R. Knoppow)

1/500s with pre-F Rollei TLR?

And if you do not need a shutter: barrel lenses l(R. Knoppow)

A short but useful German->English glossary of photographic terms


     3.2.3 web pages with advice and answers to specific Rollei questions

The Heidoscop camera (J. Hemenway)



Rollei TLR and the Press : historical notes (M.S. Small) (B. Shell) ("QWhoZeiss")

Comparisons between various R-TLRs

A picture of the first Rolleiflex TLR (1928-1929) (T. Belcher)   Yes it is one of those by Thomas A. Frank   read the story !   Claus Prochnow's congratulations message !

The original Rolleiflex used 117 film (J.P. Dahlen)

... but some B1 and B2 films were used also (R. Knoppow)

will drive you to Richard Urmonas's post dated Wed Feb 21 2001, a nice
summary of various R-TLR specifications.
is another point of view on the same subject by Emmanuel Bigler,
available as a comparative chart of Rolleiflex Twin-Lens Cameras
built after 1957

same in French, hosted on Henri Peyre's medium and large format
photography web site:

R-TLR Recommendations by Robert Fox:

A Very Brief Primer on Lenses
is a good summary of R-TLR lens designs by Marc James Small

The Truth About the Sixth Element ...
is a discussion on 5 to 6 element R-TLR lenses by Marc James Small

About the 2.8/8cm Tessar on R-TLRs by Marc James Small

Poll : what is your favourite Rollei camera, by TC Khoo
start here:

About Rolleiflex TLR lens quality 3.5 vs. 2.8 (an endless debate ;-)

Evolution of R-TLRs from the 1950's to present, quality and price
issues, and related thread (D. A. Cooper)

Doubts about planar sharpness on your R-TLR ?  (P. Kotsinadelis) \  > (R. Knoppow) /

R-TLR lens sharpness : no doubts ! by Christopher M. Perez

   "Comparisons - 3.5 Xenotar vs. Planar?"
The point of view of Richard Knoppow on this "RUGgers' favourite,
fascinating and passionate question", and related thread:

Planar and xenotar: historical notes by R. Knoppow

Schneider vs. Zeiss lenses : a FAQ (J. Waid) (Siu Fai)

ON "bokey" or "bokeh" and shape of iris blades in a R-TLR, by Richard Knoppow

Checking a second-hand TLR before buying : expert advice by Harry Fleenor

Another second-hand buying guide from M. Le Mandat (France), what to
check on a TLR (in French)
and choice of affordable MF cameras including R-TLR clones (in French)

What are "white-face" R-TLR models ? (P. Stiles)


Review of R-TLR models:

Discussions on about the choice of a R-TLR

A description of various lens types on R-TLRs, by Richard Knoppow

Choice between various R-TLR lenses

A summary of wide-angle and telephoto attachments made for the R-TLR
(Magnar, Duonar, Mutar) by Marc J. Small:

Mutar 0.7x (and related thread)


The automatic roller-feeler film sensor on Rolleiflex models: a really
frequently asked question.

On 120/220 rollfilms, this system detects the beginning of the film by
sensing the total thickness of the stacked (film) + (adhesive tape) +
(paper). Then, after the sensor has been triggered, winding the crank
will be stopped at frame 1 automatically. Do not forget upon loading
that if you have such a model you should place the film paper leader
between the two rollers (a small one, fixed, hidden beneath and the
sensing one, bigger, visible), otherwise you might wind the film to
the end without actuating the frame counter. The system triggers when
sensing a 0.3mm total thickness and should not trigger for 0.15 mm
only (reference: Prochnow, "Rollei Technical Report", see sec. 4.1.1).
The sensor is reset together with the frame counter when opening the
back to change film.

Details on how this works by Jerry Lehrer

It was first introduced on the Rolleiflex Automat just before WWII and
is present on all subsequent Rolleiflex models (and some SL66 film
backs), with the following exceptions, which all use the simpler "red
dot and arrow" manual alignment method: all Rolleicord models,
Rolleimagic, Rolleiflex T, 2.8GX, 2.8FX. In such models, simply place
the paper leader over the single roller and align the arrow on paper
with the two red dots engraved nearby before closing the back. Another
gearwheel sensor on the receiving spool (also present on the
"twin-roller" R-TLRs) will then stop the crank on frame 1.

Read more about the origins of the system and why it was abandoned on
the 2.8GX (selected posts from a long thread) (M. S. Small) (S. Keller) (R. Knoppow) (B. Cousineau) (R. Knoppow)

Rolleiflex standard, instructions


Rolleiflex Automat:
Images :

Useful info by R. Knoppow: (Identifying a Model 2) (Self timer issues) (Old Compur shutters)

Rolleiflex MX EVS:

Images : (J.P. Dahlen) (A. Zak)

Rolleiflex MX EVS instructions

"I prefer an MX-EVS type 2" (R. Coutant)

MX EVS and 220: (T. Belcher)

Double exposure on MV-EVS (and other R-TLRs) (R. Lahrson)

Manual for MX/EVS : see R. Urmonas web site.


Rolleiflex T :


List of various R-T models, by Marc J. Small: (T. Belcher)

A nice RUGger summary by M. L. Phillips "Opinions on the Rolleiflex T"
rollei-digest  v01/v01.n232    Friday, 10 January 1997

Rolleiflex T user's manual by G. Oxley

Missing or non-missing features on the Rolleiflex T, by G. Lehrer

Is-it possible to make intentional double exposures on a non-modified
Rolleiflex T? by Siu Fai and related thread:

Rolleiflex T Meter ASA Setting (applies also to 'E' models) (H. Bauer)

Rolleiflex T serial number engraving and green 'bulb' exposure setting (Siu Fai)

Rolleiflex T broken display belts (E. Bigler)

Can the T shutter be safely set at 1/500 after cocking the shutter? (E. Bigler)

Auxiliary Focus Knob for T? (J. Lehrer) (R. Knoppow)

Rolleiflex T vs. Rolleicord VB : a difficult choice by M. Stoesz, R.
Lahrson and related thread:

Rolleiflex T and Lanthanum glass (R. Knoppow)



Pictures of a Rolleicord Vb:


Xenars and bokeh (E. Goldstein)

1/500s and the Compur-Rapid by S. Keller:

Cocking lever and shutter release issues, Vb (Neil)

Rollicord V cable release issues (R. Knoppow) (A. Zak)

Strap type for Rolleicord Vb (J. Hemenway) (J. Lehrer)

Identifying a Rolleicord IV (E. Goldstein)

Rolleicord III Sales Brochure on Richard Urmonas web site


Rollei Magic: (Siu Fai)


Rolleiflex 3.5E

Question of R-TLR nomenclature Europe vs. US, by Marc J. Small:

Rolleiflex "E" models (T.A. Frank)

Light Meters and Differences Between E & F Bodies (G. Lehrer)

Rolleiflex E2 vs. E3 by Siu Fai
Rolleiflex E, E2 vs E3, F by Todd Belcher

How rare are E3 Planars? (D. Seifert)

12/24 options for 220 film on R-TLR E: (C. Everitt) (G. Lehrer)

aperture-dial locking mechanism on 'E' models (J. Hicks)

Coating Flaws in E Series (R. Knoppow) (T. Belcher)

3.5E and broken DOF indicator (Siu Fai) (Vick Ko)

2.8E (T. Belcher)


Rolleiflex 2.8 A

About the 2.8A Tessar : (M.S. Small)

In :
look for : Rolleiflex 2.8A??, an interesting thread,
start here

Rolleiflex 2.8 B Biometar (R. Knoppow)

Biometar and Planar: (M. J. Small)


Rolleiflex 2.8 C or D (J.P. Dahlen) (T. Belcher) (C. M. Freaza)


Rolleiflex 2.8 F

Pictures of a 2.8F Planar:

Differences between models: (M.J. Small) (T. Belcher)

Rolleiflex 2.8 E (T. Belcher)

Non-coupled meter on a 2.8E (also applies to 3.5E and T) (P. Kotsinadelis) (T. Belcher)
Lens hoods models for 2.8 R-TLR (G. Lehrer)

Bay III (3): Does "38" = "III" ? (Yes!) (P. Kotsinadelis)


Rolleiflex 2.8 GX TLR :


Discussions on the RUG
The following links will drive you various discussion threads
on the RUG about the 2.8 GX camera:

Rolleiflex 2.8 GX feature list
etc.. and the T, flash, lens, meter, spool holders, 220 film, shutter/iris.

Discussions on

2.8 GX : a review by Peter Wolff:

Choice between a 2.8F and a 2.8GX, by S. Keller and related thread:

Another thread "to trade or not to trade a 2.8GX against a 2.8F ?"
initiated by Jeff Metzger

Miscellaneous opinions on the 2.8 GX:

Rolleiflex 2.8 GX lens:

What kind of shutter is used on the 2.8GX/FX ? (Bob Shell) (M.S. Small) (S. Scholz)

Vintage of various Rolleiflex GX Models, stiffness of release (F. Stutterheim)

No self-timer on first Compur-equipped GX models (M.S. Small)  (S. Scholz)

flat release button and screwing a cable release on the GX/FX (F. Stutterheim)

Which focusing screen fits the GX/FX ? (F. Stutterheim)

Rolleiflex 2.8 GX Royal Urushi


Rolleiflex 2.8 FX and new tele- and wide- R-TLR

Official web page at Franke & Heidecke, Braunschweig,8FX_DE.pdf (dead link)
see what could be provided by

The first prototypes were shown in Japan:

Rolleiflex 2.8 FX features: (G. Lehrer) (P. Stiles) (F. Stutterheim)


Tele- and Wide- Rolleiflex models
Official web page for current model at Franke & Heidecke, Braunschweig,0FT_DE.pdf (dead link)
see what could be provided by

Images showing the inside of the new Tele-Rolleiflex 4,0 FT and new
focusing mechanism (pointed by C.M. Freaza)

Classical models: (J. Böttcher)

Tele-Rolleiflex: (A. Calciu) (C. M. Freaza)

Use of a R-Tele-TLR at close distances by Ferdi Stutterheim

Tele Rollei, Rolleikin and plane glass: (G. King - TrueBadger ) (F. Stutterheim) (G. Lehrer) (C.M. Freaza)


Rolleiwide or Wide Angle Rolleiflex TLR:
Official web page for current model at Franke & Heidecke, Braunschweig (dead link)
see what could be provided by

A good picture of a classical rolleiwide, Rollei Club Italy :

Number or Rolleiwide made: (M.J. Small)

Rolleiwide : is-it rare? (T. Belcher)

custom-made Bayonet IV accessories, by Andrei Calciu

New Rolleiwide in production, May 2003 (F. Stutterheim)


"Baby" Rollei 4x4 TLR

This camera uses 127-size rollfilm only and delivers 38x38mm square
images. No such a device as the classical "Rolleikin" was ever made to
enable 135 film for use with the "Baby". 127 rollfilm has been
discontinued by major film brands, however to serve the collector's
and amateur needs, some companies continue to sell this kind of film
in a very limited assortment. Ferdi Stutterheim's web site, RUG-posts
by J.P. Dahlen and Bob Monaghan's web site give some hints on finding
127-size film: (J. P. Dahlen)

The Baby Grey has an "MXV" interlock (M.S. Small)

a 127 film cutting tool: (F. Stutterheim) (B. Monaghan)

127 spool size problems: (H. Fath)

Image of a pre-WWII "baby"

Sport Baby:

Grey Baby: (J.P. Dahlen and related thread)

Filter sizes and sun shades / lens hoods  for baby: (J. Hemenway) (J. Hemenway)

A Photo site dedicated to the Baby Rollei


Rollei 9x9 (G. Lehrer)


A rare post-WWII stereo twin-lens Rollei prototype (actually : a
trinocular camera) (dead link)
A copy of the image is here
Info by Tom Frank : "Prototype 1955 double TLR for stereo photos.
There is a photo of it on Page 84, 'Rollei TLR, The History' by

About the choice of a flash bracket for a R-TLR

Falsh bulbs for the Rolleiflash, by R. Knoppow (and related thread)

About a "safety belt" for a R-TLR leather strap, by Guido Cova

About the "new" scissor clips straps on the Rolleiflex 2.8 FX (G. Hubbard)

Putting a modern "bright" viewing screen on a R-TLR (P. Stiles)

The additional eye-level mirror in Rolleiflex models: (S. Keller)

Compensation of parallax by a moving mask in R-TLRs viewfinders: (Don Williams)

Hensoldt viewing accessory: (C. M. Freaza and related thread)


Rolleiflex 3.5F Lightmeter adjustment by Todd Belcher and related thread (R. Urmonas)

Rollei TLR selenium cells adjustment by S. Keller

Ageing and accuracy of R-TLR selenium cells (R. Knoppow and related thread)

Rolleikin issues

Instructions manual (R. Urmonas) (Siu Fai) (E. Krebs)

Examples of pictures taken with a Rolleikin (E. Krebs)

Installing and using the Rolleikin (R. Wiser) (C. M. Freaza)

Rolleikin and the 2,8F 120/220 (J.P. Dahlen)

Rolleikin and the Automat (T. Belcher)

The Rolleilux clip-on-hood, selenium cell, exposure meter, by Ferdi

The Rolleiphot non-photoelectric exposure meter, by Todd Belcher, M.J.
Small and related thread:

The Rolleimeter : a rangefinder, not an exposure meter (T. Belcher) (Siu Fai) (R. Knoppow)

using filters and polarizers on a R-TLR: (G. King - TrueBadger)


Rolleinar close-up lenses for R-TLRs

Historical notes on Rolleinars (J.P. Dahlen)

For specific depth of field questions related to the use of Rolleinar
lenses, see

Identifying the elements and use of a Rolleinar set by E. Bigler, Siu
Fai and related thread:

The rare Rolleinar 4 for the Rolleicopi: (Siu Fai)

What is a Rolleiparkeil: (R. Knoppow)

Do Rolleinars require exposure compensation? (R. Knoppow)

Regular rolleinar on a Tele Rollei (E. Goldstein)

A special attachment to use binoculars as a telephoto lens on a R-TLR (M.J. Small)

R-TLR microscope attachment (G. King - TrueBadger) (D. M. Surles)

The Rolleicopi Polaroïd (TM) back for R-TLRs, by S.F. Au:

The Rolleisoft softening attachment (R. Lahrson) (M. Bischof)

About the Rolleifix quick-release device for TLRs

Advantages of the Rolleifix: (E. Bigler)

Rolleifix on a MX R-TLR model: (R. Urmonas)

Rolleifix on a tripod: (G. Lehrer)

Home-made Rolleifix substitue : how safe ? (G. Lehrer)

Rolleifix mounts how? (R. Knoppow)

The rolleifix and unwanted stresses on a R-TLR back (G. Johnson)

Rollei TLR pistol grip instructions

About the R-TLR panoramic head (S. Keller) (S. Keller) (R. Knoppow)

Example of pictures with a panoramic head and discussion (C. M. Freaza and related thread)

Entrance pupil issues and panoramic stitching: (E. Bigler)
Some technical explanations: the entrance pupil and nowhere else!

Determination of the position of entrance pupil of a 2.8C TLR 80mm
planar for an optimum panoramic stitching (C.M. Freaza)


220 film in 'ordinary' Rolleiflexes, 220 pressure plate issues by Sven
Keller, Richard Knoppow and related thread

Using 220 film in a regular Rolleiflex!  (G. Johnson)

12/24 frame counter issues for 220-enabled R-TLRs by J.W. Jensen and
M.S. Small:

Similar questions, including pressure plate issues, by R. Shinozuka
and D.-R. Schmitt and related  thread:

About the 6.5x9cm cut film / sheet film back fitting R-TLR and R-SL66

Perspective and the ground glass attachment for R-TLRs (R. Knoppow)

70mm back for Rollei TLR: "Yes, there were a few 70 mm backs made." (G. Lehrer) (S. Keller)

About the plane glass "film-flattener" kit for R-TLRs, by Todd Belcher:

Another thread on the plane glass "film-flattener", start here (J. Leherer & C. M. Freaza)

Dimensions of focusing screens for Rollei TLR and Hasselblad cameras  (G. Lehrer)

Bright screens for your R-TLR (L. Ober)

screen stories for R-TLRs, a long thread; you can start here:  (P. Kotsinadelis)

Rolleigrid, Rolleiclear (G. King - TrueBadger) (S. Keller)

"The final word regarding R-TLR focusing screens" (P. Kotsinadelis, Bill
Maxwell, Harry Fleenor, ...)

Additional mirror in the viewfinder of R-TLRs (R. Coutant)

About the leather binocular focusing hood for TLRs by Dave Wyman (G. King - TrueBadger)

A metal "ever-ready" "tropical" case for R-TLRs, by Vincent L. Gookin (vinlin92):

R-TLR ERC case back with a little flat pouch: (V.L. Gookin - vinlin92)


The Rolleimarin underwater housing for R-TLRs

Some info by Don Williams,5

A tentative to retrieve a copy of the Rolleimarin manual was deceptive ..

Some images on flickr, an album by "Grosso_ma"
Rolleimarin accessories

A picture the French-made "flashphot" Lachaize 150-frame
back, supposed to be used by photo-journalists following the
Tour-de-France cycling race in the fifties/sixties

Discussions on the relative merits of various R-TLR lenses

On the 80-2.8 TLR planar: (M.J. Small)

Tessar vs. Planar:

Cold colors with Tessar  (J.P. Dahlen and P. Kotsinadelis)

TLR Planar vs. SLR Planar (G. Lehrer, and related thread))

When did 6-element planars start on the 3,5F ? (M. Jangowsky) (M.J. Small)


Rollei 600X camera series:
Official web pages at Franke & Heidecke, Braunschweig (dead link)
see what could be provided by

From the SLX to 600x cameras, by Jan Böttcher

A SLX or a SL66 ? (C. Everitt and related

A comparison between a Rollei 600x camera with other 645 (4.5x6) cameras

For lens and film-back compatibility issues for the 600x series check (dead link)
A ASCII text copy is here
a copy can be found here


Rolleiflex 6001
choice vs. Hasselblad 501 CM :


Rolleiflex 6002


Rolleiflex 6003 Professional

6003 SRC1000 vs 6003 Professional by Slobodan Dimitrov and related thread

TTL flash questions with a 6008, by Bob Shell:

Other flash issues 6003/6008 by S. Dimitrov, and related thread:


A note on Rollei SL66, SLX and 600x bayonet size VI to 67 mm adapters  (Bob Shell)


Rolleiflex 6008

Instructions manual, pdf in German (dead link)

differences between 6008 models (J. Hemenway)

Rolleiflex 6008 Integral

Rolleiflex 6008AF (dead link)
see what could be provided by

A 2002-PMA report by Bob Shell, and related thread

600x battery issues (M. Malkin)

Warning : be careful about using NiMH cells with a 600x battery charger! (D.R. Schmitt) (A. Franklin)

Proper recharging and rebuilding a 600x Ni-Cd battery, home-made remote
control and quick-release tripod mount for a 600x by Thomas Pindelski

600x charger issues (Bob Shell)

4560 film back and 600x cameras (Bob Shell)

Rolleiflex HY6 (dead link)
see what could be provided by
Instructions manual in English:


Rollei SL 66:

SL66 instructions manual in German (dead link)

SL66 instructions manual in English  (M. Buktus) (L. Merrill) (D. Seifert)

advice on buying a used SL66:

What size filter/hood, etc. does the Rollei SL66 take? (D. Seifert)

SL66 Do's and Don'ts (D. Seifert)

Notes on macro work with the SL66, by D. Seifert:

Notes on the 120 S-planar or Makro planar by E. Bigler

SL 66 flash sychronisation, contact problems and leaf shuttered lenses
by Bob Shell:

SL66 series cameras and light metering (D. Seifert)


SL66 E, X, SE with built-in meter

caveats on carrying the camera by J. Helder:


Help! SL66 locked (M. Jangowski) (S. Dimitrov) (T. Ellestad)


Rollei X-Act2 MF view camera


Rollei 35 model:

about filter size
R-35 with a 3.5 tessar or xenar lens take M24  x0.5 filters
R-35 with a 2.8 sonnar        lens take   M30.5x0.5 filters
Those filter sizes are on catalog of several manufacturers and can be
found of course on the second-hand market.
or          John Waller's web site  (Rollei 35 optics)  (R. Korhonen's page, in Finnish)

How many Rollei 35 were made ?  (Braunschweiger Zeitung, 1999-12-13)

35 S model:
35 SE model:       (in German)

35, limited editions:


35 classic, users' manual :

Advice by RUGgers on the Rollei 35

Different models (P.E. Forberg)

Rugger's Tips on scale / guess focusing with a Rollei 35 (E. Bigler) (G. DiGiorgi)

Posts by Godfrey DiGiorgi and John A. Lind on replacement batteries for a R-35

Loading, unloading and metering issues: (R. Wiser)


R-35 battery issues :

A summary; for details see RUG posts and web sites below. This is
valid for the built-in exposure meter, tessar and sonnar models.

  early R-35 tessar, as well as T and S models were originally fitted
  with a single 1.35V discontinued mercury cell type PX625. To replace
  this battery either you'll use a MRB625 1.35V zinc/air battery, or
  one 1.5 silver oxide cell of similar size, plus a voltage reducer
  down to 1.35V, or without voltage reducer you'll need to have the
  meter recalibrated. 1.5V alkaline cells are not recommended (voltage
  not constant during cell life).

For battery installation in the R-35 see (R. Chiasson)

  late TE and SE models originally take a "quadruple" 5.6V
  discontinued mercury cell type PX27. This is easily replaced with
  the minox 8x11 adapter kit to fit 4x1.5 silver oxide S386 cells. The
  minox 8x11 kit has no built-in voltage reducer but no meter
  calibration is required, thanks to the internal regulated circuitry
  of the camera.

  Alkaline cells are not recommended either although less critical
  than for S/T "am-meter match-needle type" earlier T and S models.

Posts by Hans Peter Lammerich on re-calibrating a 35 S/T model and
battery issues:

Notes about the built-in exposure meter in a Rollei 35   (Robert Fox)   (Andrei Calciu)   (Sven Keller)   (J.A. Lind)   (J.A. Lind)

Battery replacement issues (Jacques-Bertrand Pichette )

Do-it-yourself replacement kit for discontinued 1,35V PX625 batteries,
thanks to Frans de Gruijter, Rollei Club nederland  (too bad, the
Rollei Club Nederland no longer exists), but the document is here below.
Detailed pdf and html documents about replacing PX13 / PX625 / MR9 and
PX27 mercury cells
and a copy is here

Comparison of the R-35 with the minox 35 (S.J. Dunn)

Comparison of the R-35 with the Leica CL (M.J. Small and related thread)

Unusual "quirky" features of the rollei 35 (R. Wiser)

Comparison of the R-35 with the Yashica T4 (R. Wiser, R. Fox and related thread)

Comparison of the R-35 with the Contax T3 (J. M. Treviño)

Comparison of the R-35 with the Ricoh GR1 (N. Wajsman)

The advantages of a mechanical shutter in the Rollei 35 (J.A. Lind)


Rollei XF35

What it is and what to think about this camera, by Bob Shell, Sven
Keller and related thread:

adjusting the rangefinder (D.R. Schmitt)


Rollei SL 35 35mm SLR series

Stories about different models (Dirk-Roger Schmitt)

1, 2 and 3-pin QBM lenses: RUGgers' advice and related threads (J. Böttcher) (B. Shell) (A. Bujak)

shutters (Bob Shell) (Bob Shell)

SL 35 E repair (Jan Böttcher) (Bob Shell) (Bob Shell)

SL 35 E Focusing screen (Jan Böttcher & Dirk-Roger Schmitt)


Rollei SL 2000 model :  (!!! 60 pages, in German)

battery packs: (Carter)

Rollei 3001 (Jan Böttcher) (Bob Shell)

Rollei 3003

remote control (Jan Böttcher)

external power supply by A. Bujak and R. Ronaldson

Use of Ni-MH rechargeable batteries on a 3003 : advice and caveats by
B. Cousineau and D.-R. Schmitt:

Rollei QZ35W/QZ35T

Rollei AFM 35 (M. Phillips) (Ben R. McRee)


Prego cameras:

Prego micron by Bob Shell

Prego 70 and 90 (M. Attinasi)


Rollei 16 model: (J. Böttcher)

processing 16mm film (G. Cova)


Rollei A 110 model: (in French)

Rollei A110 : batteries, sliding lens cover (S. Keller)

Photo group on flickr


Rollei P11 projector  info sheet                               \  \  user's manual                              > in German  /  bulb info                                /


Rollei P66S projector, by J. Hemenway:


Rollei E 36 RE Flash

    dead batteries by H. Bauer and related thread


Rollei beta flashes

info by Andrei Calciu

BETA 5F by Sven Keller & Bob Shell

Rollei C26 flash
battery issues: (S. Keller)

Rolleiflash 2 instructions


Serial numbers:      (with images)        (H. Fleenor's web page)

Rollei Fototechnic Coded Numbering System, by F. Stutterheim, S. Keller,
M.S. Small, and related thread:

Zeiss lenses, serial numbers by M.J. Small:


A first web site hosting images taken with Rollei cameras was here:
However, this archive no longer exists, but you may at least have a look at
a the list  of people who had contributed.
For more information please contact Daniel Alexander pndalex, at

Another web site where RUGgers are welcome:
In order to see what is inside this flickr repository, you have to be
registered as a flickr user.
A presentation by Eric Goldstein


     3.2.4 Do-it-Yourself (DIY): maintenance, repair, home-made accessories, home darkroom

A digest of various Internet posts on Bob Monaghan's web site:

Rollei TLR advance problem: a DIY-CLA guide by G. Johnson

R-TLR skipped or double frames, maintenance needed: (R. Knoppow)

Winding mechanism repair issues by R. Knoppow:

DIY TLR shutter cleaning by R. Knoppow:

Shutter repair advice by R. Knoppow:

removing the front cover of a 3.5F or 3.5E R-TLR by P.K. Kollas, and
related thread:  by R. Knoppow

front panel removal and twin lens adjustment on a Rolleicord III, by
R. Urmonas and P.K. Kollas:

proper tools for lens disassembling, a tutorial (R. Knoppow)
Rescueing a Rolleicord I:

problem with 3.5F (III) re-assembly -- aperture/time settings -- (T. Belcher)

removing a "non-removable";-) focusing hood of a R-TLR for cleaning by
R. Knoppow and G. Johnson.

R-TLR Magnifier replacement: (R. Knoppow)

MX Rolleifix socket (T. Belcher )

Cutting a Mamiya RB screen to put on a Rolleiflex: (Siu Fai and G. Johnson) (Siu Fai and G. Johnson)

Rolleiflex 3.5F Lightmeter adjustment by T. Belcher and related thread

About selenium meters on the Rollei TLR (R. Knoppow (A. Franklin)

R-TLR "E" or "T" with non-coupled selenium meter, mechanical switch/baffle (G. King - TrueBadger and related thread)

Which glue for Rollei leatherette ? (D. R. Schmitt)

Mirror restoration
re-silvering a mirror: (J.P. Dahlen)
         (R. Knoppow)

finding another mirror: (G. Johnson)
cleaning: (R. Knoppow)

Hints on re-building a Rolleipol polarising filter, by G. Lehrer and
related thread:

Restoring a Bayonet III Rolleipol by R. Peters

Do it yourself circular polarizer (D. Williams)

DIY bayonet I lens shade by Greg Erker

Lens cleaning by A. Calciu
a copy can be found here

Camera body cleaning by F. Stutterheim
 and R. Urmonas

Cleaning the ground glass (Bob Haight)

Haze problems in a 2,8D TLR xenotar lens (R. Knoppow) (T. Belcher)


Repair manuals

Claus Prochnow's book "Rollei Technical Report" contains a lot of
information to adjust and repair Rollei cameras and products ; among
the most populars: TLR cameras, Rollei 35 and 35mm SLRs, P11
projector, etc...

SLX : "The SLX repair manual is included in the Rollei Report 5 by
Claus Prochnow" (Siu Fai)
see references to Claus Prochnow's books below, bibliographical section


Projector repairs

transport mechanism on P66S and others (Siu Fai) (S. Keller)


A DIY replacement kit for discontinued 1,35V PX625 batteries: a
voltage reductor (not a regulator) for silver oxide 1,55V batteries,
thanks to Frans de Gruijter, from the former Rollei Club nederland,
copies here:


Film and Darkroom questions:

120 film spool variations, by R. Monaghan:

using infra-red film & infra-red filters with a R-TLR  (N. Wajsman & related threads) (N. Wajsman) (Joe B. )

The illuminating system of an enlarger, a tutorial by R. Knoppow

About shelf-life of Rodinal developer, by M.S. Small and related thread:

A monobath, develop + fix by R. Knoppow

A recipe for sepia toner by R. Knoppow

A good idea for a Do-It-Yourself quality magnifying loupe:

Potential health problems with darkroom chemicals (G. King - TrueBadger)


     3.2.5 Rollei-Voigtländer products

  From 1972 to 1981, Voigtländer products were made by Rollei. Read
more about what happened to the German camera industry at the
beginning of the 1970's in the reference book "Zeiss-Ikon Compendium"
by C.M. Barringer and M.S. Small (ISBN 1874707243, Hove Collector's
books, 2-nd ed., 1999).

  Notes on the history of the Voigtländer company, posted on the RUG by
M.S. Small, and related discussions:

  Note about spelling: like Rollei, Voigtländer is often misspelled:

The closest 7-bit ASCII rendition, approved by the family, is
"Voigtlander". Some German-speaking users of the Internet will write
"Voigtlaender", a common 7-bit transcription for German "umlaut" signs
in e-mail exchanges.

  Voigtländer-labelled products made since 1981 have no connection
with Rollei Fototechnic, Germany. Since 1997, the Voigtländer
trademark is a property of Ringfoto GmbH & Co, Germany, and
Voigtländer products are made under licence of this company.

  Rollei-Voigtländer products are described in Claus Prochnow's "Rollei
Report" reference books, volumes 3 and 4 (see bibliography, section


SL35 "Voigtländer" Lenses by M.J. Small and R. McElroy

Voigtländer VF101

Info by Sven Keller:

Voigtländer VF135

Info Marc James Small and Dirk-Roger.Schmitt


    3.3 References to Clubs or non-profit organisations related to Rollei cameras Internet forums or groups

After Ian Parker retired from Club Rollei, Jersey, he had chaired for so
many years, John Wild is continuing the club.

John Wild, Millstream Hotel, Bosham, Chichester, West Sussex, PO18 8HL

The announcement is here:
The club has a web site:   The British Club Rollei User (formerly : Club Rollei, Jersey)

note : sadly, as of 2005 the Rollei club Nederlands no longer exists
and the site is closed.  Bob Shell's Rollei-SLR forum  Rollei TLR Club, Japan
Examples of R-TLR pictures including some taken with the rare

Rollei Club de France : 45, avenue de Suffren 75007 Paris

Skandinaviska Rollei Klubben  (Sweden)
          Per-Anders Westman, Gryningsvagen 17
          911 30 Vannas Tel 0935-125 51 Mobil 070-627 25 51
          Mail p-awest, at eller per-anders.westman, at  (a Rolleiflex TLR forum by K. Harms, Munich, Germany) (a Rollei-oriented Internet forum in English)  (similar, but in German)

Info from C.M. Freaza, a new Rollei Club in Spain : "Sólo Rollei". (In castillan language)
A virtual gallery showing the work of the Spanish Rollei Group:  Italian Rollei club


4. Bibliography


   4.1 Technical and historical books and articles on Rollei cameras

        4.1.1 Books

In English

"The Classic Rollei: A Definitive Guide" John Phillips
Ammonite Press, 2010 ISBN 978-1906672935

Prochnow, Claus "Rollei Report 1", English Language booklet sold with
the German edition (ISBN 3-89506-105-0, see details below)
Published by the author. E-Mail: proch, at

"Complete Rollei User's Manual", Parker, Ian,  ISBN 1-874031-96-7,
HOVE FOTO BOOKS (Jersey) (1994)

"Rollei TLR, The History",  Parker, Ian, ISBN 1-874657-01-7,
HOVE FOTO BOOKS (Jersey) (1992)

"Rollei TLR Collector's Guide", Parker, Ian, ISBN 1-874031-95-9,
HOVE FOTO BOOKS (Jersey) (1993)

"Collectors guide to Rollei cameras", Evans, Arthur ISBN 0-931838-06-1

"Complete User's Guide Rollei 6000 Series for SLX/6002/ 6003/ 6006/ 6008"
Parker, Ian, ISBN 1-874657-02-5, JERSEY PHOTOGRAPHIC MUSEUM, (September 1996)
and HOVE FOTO BOOKS, (February 1997)

"The Rollei Way", Mannheim, L.A., 10th edition,
                 ISBN 0-8038-6351-9 (USA only)
                  and-0-240-44911-8 (excl.USA) FOCAL PRESS (1974)

"Rollei manual, the complete book of twin-lens photography", Pearlman,
Alec, FOUNTAIN PHOTOBOOKS, 300pp. (London, 5th ed 1971)

"Rolleiflex SL66 and SLX Way", Mannheim, L. Andrew, ISBN 0-240-50788-6,
FOCAL PRESS, London. ca. 600 pp. (1975)

"Rolleiflex Guide",  Emanuel, W.D.,   FOCAL PRESS

"Rolleicord Guide, how to make full use of any Rolleicord camera",
Emanuel, W.D., ISBN 0240449096, FOCAL PRESS, 102pp. (6th ed, 1972)

"Rollei 35  Guide",  Emanuel, W.D., ISBN 0-240-50696, FOCAL PRESS (1974)

Prochnow, Claus "Rollei 35, A Camera History" English Language booklet
ISBN 3-00-004582-1 sold as a package with the German edition (ISBN
3-930292-10-6, see details below) Published by the author.

"Advanced Rolleiflex and Rolleicord Guide", Tydings, Kenneth S.,
(for Rolleiflex 4x4; Rolleiflex 3.5,2.8; Rolleicord and Tele-Rolleiflex)
Library of Congress Catalog Card No. (60-15377)

"Fritz Henle's Guide to Rollei Photography", Henle, Fritz, 208 pp,
Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 56-10900. THE STUDIO PUBLICATIONS
INC. NY. (1956)

"A New Guide to Rollei Photography", Henle, Fritz with Kinzer H.M.,
Library of Congress Catalog Card No. 65-12576 , VIKING PRESS (1965)

"The rollei book; a manual of rolleiflex and rolleicord photography",
Heering, Walther, Translated into English by Walter Dreisörner,
HARZBURG : HEERING, 143pp. ( 1939)

A camera book of general interest covering the early sixties:
"Cameras, the facts, a collector's guide (1957-1964)", Emanuel, W.D
       and Matheson, D., historic edition edited by L. Gaunt,
       ISBN 0-240-51062-3, FOCAL PRESS (1981)

For questions related to the history of lens design (including of
course lenses used in Rollei cameras):
"A History of the Photographic Lens", Kingslake, Rudolf, ISBN 0-12-408640-3,
THE ACADEMIC PRESS, (San Diego, 1989)

And for those who want to get in to the details of lens computations,
at least how they were made without modern lens designs software:
"Lens Design Fundamentals", Kingslake, Rudolf, ISBN 0-12-408650-0,
Academic Press (April 28, 1978)


Bi-lingual German-English

"Rollei Technical Report", Prochnow, Claus,
              ISBN 3-89506-156-5, LINDEMANNS  (1996)

"Rolleiflex Family", Prochnow, Claus, English version by Gunter
Richter, an excerpt from "Rollei Reports 1 and 2" (Copyright (c) 1994
by Claus Prochnow, Brunswick)
Info by Vincent L. Gookin: "A review of camera history; from the first
Rolleiflex 6x6 to the top models fitted with f/2.8 Planar lens and the
corporate history from 1920 to 1995"


In German

Claus Prochnow's Web site

"Rollei-Werke, 1920-1945", Prochnow, Claus,
      Rollei-Report Volume I (pre-WWII cameras),
      ISBN 3-89506-105-0,  LINDEMANNS  (1993)
"Mini-report 1" same but condensed ISBN 3-89506-116-6

"Rollei-Werke, Rollfilmkameras", Prochnow, Claus,
      Rollei-Report Volume II (6x6 rollfilm cameras),
      ISBN 3-89506-118-2,  LINDEMANNS (1994)
"Mini-report 2" same but condensed  ISBN 3-89506-117-4

"Rollei-Werke, Rollei Fototechnic 1960 bis 1995", Prochnow, Claus,
      Rollei-Report Volume III (35 mm cameras),
      ISBN 3-89506-141-7,  LINDEMANNS (1995)
"Mini-report 3" same but condensed  ISBN 3-89506-142-5

"Rollei-Werke, Rollei Fototechnic 1958 bis 1998", Prochnow, Claus,
      Rollei-Report Volume IV (projectors,
      flash units, 2.8GX TLR),  ISBN 3-89506-141-7,  LINDEMANNS (1997)

"Rolleiflex SLX und 6000 Report", Prochnow, Claus,
      Rollei-Report Volume V, ISBN 3-89506-183-2, LINDEMANNS, (2000)
A presentation of this book (in German), Braunschweiger Zeitung am 28. Nov. 2000

"Rollei, Das grosse Handbuch", Beckhusen, Dieter and Maschke, Thomas,
ISBN 3-874675831 LATERNA MAGICA (1997) More info from Uwe Mader: "224
pages with approx. 100 colour and 150 BW pictures."

"Das goldenen Buch der Gebrauchsfotografie Teil II: Mittleformat"
subtitle "Technik und Anwendung an Beispielen der Rollei SL 66",
Prof. Dr. Berndt Heydemann / Jutta Müller-Karch
LATERNA MAGICA (Joachim F.Richter, Berg am Starnberger See, 1970)

"Rolleiflex, Rolleicord", Afalter, Udo ISBN 3-920890-09-4
                                         AFALTER (1991)

"Rollei-Vom Heidoscop zur Rolleiflex 6008", Afalter, Udo ISBN
3-928126-51-2 LINDEMANNS (1992) More info from Uwe Mader: "also
Voigtlaender 1972 - 1982, 256 pages with 580 BW and 3 color pictures."

"Das Rolleiflex Buch", Heering, Walther (reprinted from last 1967
edition) ISBN 3-928126-00-8 LINDEMANNS (1991) More info about this
book from Jens Patric Dahlen : "Das Rolleiflex Buch is a Rollei
handbook by Walther Heering. If I remember it correctly, the first
edition came in 1930 or 1932, and was updated in 1933, 1936, 1938,
1941, 1952, 1958, 1964 and 1967. There were versions in English,
French. 112 to 350 pages depending on edition." Additional note: "The
early Das Rolleiflex Buch can be found in a Swedish version,
"Rolleiflexboken", first Swedish edition printed in 1936. It must be a
rare book, since I just found out about it."

"Die Rolleicord Fibel", a Rolleicord "school-book" by Wolf H. During,
Heering Verlag, Harzburg 1936. Info from J. P. Dahlen "Handbook for
the Rolleicord I, Ia and II cameras. Many tips, photos and
illustrations. 64 pages."

"Rollei 35, Eine Kamera-Geschichte.",  Prochnow, Claus,
                      ISBN 3-930292106  LINDEMANNS (1998)
 this book includes a summary in English ISBN 3-00-004582-1

"Rollei 35", Pangerl, Franz,   ISBN 3-895061301 LINDEMANNS  (1999 )

"Rollei 35, Kameras und Objektive", Afalter, Udo, ISBN 3-895061301
                                     LINDEMANNS   (1994)

"Rollei fototechnic" Weyer, Helfried, ISBN 3-524680453,
                                     UMSCHAU BRAUS (1997)

"Rolleivision twin MSC 300/300P", Scheibl, Josef, LATERNA MAGICA

"Der Rollei Click" from Uwe Mader: "This is 62 minute video about
Rollei produced in 1998."

"Die Rollei Familie", Heun, Gerd ; Kameras, Objektive, Zubehör und
Preise. Von 1920 - 1988. 529 Seiten auf Fotokopierbasis.


In Italian

"ROLLEI - guida-catalogo delle fotocamere biottica reflex e
degli accessori" (Rollei - a guide-catalog of the TLRs and accessories)
author : Derqui, Angelo. 510 pages 15x21 cm
Info from Guido Cova "published in 1991 in 1000 copies, in a joint effort with
Grelli fotografia - via Garibaldi 28 - 48010 Fusignano RA -
tel. +39-545-51800, fax +39-545-53050."

"TLR Rollei Pocket Book" (title in English, everything else
in Italian...)
author : Derqui, Angelo. 230 pages 10x21 cm.
Info from Guido Cova: "printed in 1996, sponsored by Foto Dozzese Collection
- via Emilia 18 - 40060 Toscanella BO - tel. +39-542-674244)."

"Il nuovo manuale Rollei", Ghedina, Oscar F., Edizioni Il Castello -
Milano (1972, no ISBN available)
Info from Guido Cova: "It is a good review of all the Rolleis
available in 1972: the classic 6x6 Rollei s (3.5T, 3.5F, 2.8F,
Tele-Rolleiflex, Rolleicord Vb), the SL66 (a nice section d escribing
the Scheimpflug (spelling?) rule), and the "small" ones: SL35, Rollei
35, the SL26 ("...the Rolleiflex user will like this camera and its
square format..."), as well as the Rollei A26 and 16S.
Each model is covered with care, and this book is definitely a
hands-on manual."

"TLR Rollei - Le biottiche "moderne" 1957 1976",  Derqui, Angelo
ISBN 88-7773-252-0, circa A4 size, 320 pages, color, text in Italian
Publisher: Editrice Le Balze, Montepulciano (Siena) (1995)
info by Guido Cova:"This book deals with those "modern" TLRs
made from the mid-'50s to 1976. It covers: 3.5F, 2.8F, Tele-Rollei,
Wide-Rollei, 3.5T, 4x4, Rolleicord Vb, Rollei Magic II; for each
camera there is a technical data sheet, several photos, a short
description of its strong and weak points, at least 5 exploded views
(from the repair manuals), and a lot more."


In Spanish

La cámara Rolleiflex" Emanuel, W.D., translated from english to
Spanish, Ediciones Omega, Barcelona, Spain, 1966.

"Rolleiflex y Rolleicord", Emanuel, W.D., Ediciones Omega y Focal
Press, Barcelona, Spain, 1952.
(info from Carlos Manuel Freaza)


In French

"Les moyens formats, tome 2", Salvaire, Paul , ISBN: 2-862580694,
EDITIONS VM, (1996) Info from E. Bigler:"This book on medium format
cameras has a section on the Rolleiflex 2.8 GX."

"Manuel Rolleiflex Rolleicord", Natkin, Marcel, Éditions Mona, (Paris,
1947, 175pp. 15x15cm) FRBNF32479651  Info from E. Bigler:"For collectors..."

"La Pratique du ROLLEI", Mannheim, L.A., Éditions Paul Montel, Paris,
1955. FRBNF32414295 Info from E. Bigler:"translation of Mannheim's book".

"Rollei-guide", Emanuel, W. D., (translation) Éditions Paul Montel,
Paris, 1953. FRBNF32075949

"F & H Rolleicord", Patrice-Hervé Pont "Foto Saga" series, Éditions
du Pécari, 64600 Anglet, France.


        4.1.2 Magazine articles

In English

"Great Cameras?  Fact or Fiction" Keppler, Herbert, "Modern
Photography"  May, 1958.
comment by Nolan Woodbury : "an see if Rolleis deserved
their reputation. They compared the models available at the time: 2.8E
(Planar and Xenotar), 3.5E (Planar and Xenotar), 4x4 Rolleiflex
(Xenar), and the Rolleicord Va (Xenar)."

"Test: Rolleicord TLRs", Matanle, Ivor, Amateur Photographer, Vol 197
no 13, 30 March 2002

In German

"PHOTOFREUND JAHRBUCH", publisher Willy Frerk. Photokino-Verlag GMBH
Berlin SW 19.
Info from Jens Patric Dahlen: "Photofreund was a German
photo-magazine, and they made a yearbook each year between the mid
20'ies and 1942-43 (not sure). The yearbook have lots of information
about cameras, photo news and articles of that time period, and 80 to
100 pages with whole page photos. For example, the 1936 book have 40%
of it's photos taken with Rollei cameras!"

"Rollei Jahrbuch; Jahrbuch der Rollei-Photographie" Info from Jens
Patric Dahlen:"Annual of Rollei-Photography. m. 136 pages, 80 with
photos. Wien-New York: Rud. H. Hammer. These years are available:
1951, 1952 and 1953."

"Rollei 6008 AF", PMA-report, Foto Magazin, Nr. 4, April 2002,
pp.38-39. The same issue, p. 43 shows a picture of the 2.8 FX,
successor of the 2.8GX, with a short feature list.

In French

"Phot Argus", "Banc d'essai Rolleiflex 6006", issue #133,
Dec.1984-Jan. 1985, pp.107-114 ; Info from E. Bigler: "A complete
study of the camera when introduced, nice drawings, detailed feature
description, can serve as a user's manual."

"Chasseurs d'Images" issue #232, March-April 2001, pp50-53
Info from E. Bigler: "A selection of MF cameras, tips for buying a used
one, including Rollei SLX/600X series, SL66 and R-TLR, plus a list of repair
shops in France."

"Le Photographe" "Rollei 6008 AF" by Maxime Champion, issue #1605,
March 2003, pp36-37


   4.2 Photographers' works ; most images taken with a Rollei camera

In English

"The Forgotten Ones", Rogovin, Milton, ISBN 0-295-96196-1
LC catalog # TR647.R62 1985, ALBRIGHT-KNOX (Washington,  1985)
info from Mike Stoesz : "...a wonderful book of Rollei photographs by
Milton Rogovin and (I) highly recommend it to all".

"Night Train at Wiscasset Station" photographs by Kosti Ruohomaa, text
by Lew Dietz, ISBN 0-385-12932-7 or 0-385-13117-8, DOUBLEDAY (1977)

"Portraits in Steel", Rogovin, Milton, interviews by Michael Frisch,
ISBN 0-8014-8102-3, CORNELL UNIVERSITY PRESS (Ithaca, 1993)
"Triptychs: Buffalo's Lower West Side Revisited", Rogovin, Milton,
ISBN 0-393-03588-3, W.W. NORTON (New York, 1994)
info from Nathan Wajsman : " 'Portraits in Steel' documents the
terminal stages of the steel and heavy industries in Buffalo in the
early 70s, while 'Triptychs' are portraits of people and families in
Buffalo, taken in the early 70s; the same people were then
photographed in the early 80s and again in the 90s. Both are highly
recommended. The vast majority of the images in both books are taken
with Rollei equipment."

"Three Seconds of Eternity" Doisneau, Robert (Photographer), Stecker,
Robert (Introduction) ISBN 3823821245, TE NEUES PUBLISHING COMPANY,
Paperback 144 pages (October 1997)
"Robert Doisneau : A Photographer's Life", Hamilton, Peter,
ISBN 0789200201, ABBEVILLE PRESS INC., Hardcover - 368 pages (November 1995)

Robert Doisneau's entry at the "Masters of Photography" site:
Comment by Ben R. McRee : "Among other delights, you'll find
Doisneau's own comments on photography taken from his book Three
Seconds of Eternity"

"The Blue Note Years : The Jazz Photography of Francis Wolff" by
Francis Wolff, Charlie Lourie, Michael Cuscuna, Oscar Schnider, Herbie
Hancock, ISBN 0847819124, RIZZOLI, 203 pages (October 1995)
Info by Tim Spragens: "...single-light portraiture by Rolleiflex, used
on record jackets..., and as I recall many were with Rolleiflex. It's
amazing what can be done with a single light source, well used."

"Bill Brandt Photographs, 1928-83", Jeffrey, Ian, ISBN 0-500-27726-5,
Thames & H, (1994)

"The Photography of Bill Brandt," foreword by David Hockney,
introductory essay by Bill Jay, The Career by Nigerl Warburton,
ISBN 0-810941090, Harry N. Abrams Inc (New York, 1999).

"White Light Silent Shadows," Cratsly, Bruce, ISBN 0-9657280-5-6,
(ARENA, 1998). Info by ArthurWG "... a large format book of B & W
photos by Bruce Cratsly, shot entirely with a Rollei TLR."

"Margaret Bourke-White, Her Pictures, Her Life", Rubin, Susan Goldman
 ISBN 0-810943816, Harry N. Abrams Inc (New York, 1999)
 Recommended by Jerry Lehrer

"Jazz Seen", Claxton, William, Foreword by Don Heckman,
ISBN 3-822878685, Taschen America (April 1999)

"Eudora Welty Photographs", foreword by Reynolds Price,
ISBN 0-87805-529-0 Univ. Press of Mississippi (1989)
(pointed by Sanders McNew)

In German

"Drei Sekunden Ewigkeit : 101 Photographien mit einem Essay des Photographen"
Doisneau, Robert,   ISBN 3-888148472,   SCHIRMER/MOSEL (1997)

"Im Zauber des Lichts", Rollei photography contest. Walther Heering, Heering
Verlag, Harzburg 1940, Germany. 195 full-page photos taken with Rollei

"Das Goldene Buch der Rolleiflex", Rollei photography contest. Walther
Heering, Heering Verlag, Harzburg 1935. "The Golden Book of the
Rolleiflex" English version 1936. French version 1936.
info from Jens Patric Dahlen: "127 full-page photos taken with Rollei
cameras. It has photos of the Franke & Heidecke plant and many
price-winning photographs taken with Rollei cameras."

"Fritz Henle 1909 - 1993,  Die Quadratur der Schoenheit"
 ISBN: 3-89466-091-0,     EDITION BRAUS (February 1994)

In French

"Photopoche no.5", Doisneau, Robert,  ISBN 2-097541593,
                      (Coll. Photopoche Note) NATHAN

"Doisneau Paris", Ollier, Brigitte, ISBN 2-850255297, HAZAN (1998)
info from E. Bigler: "665 pages ; introduction is in French but most
of the book is devoted to selected Rolleiflex pictures in B&W by
Robert Doisneau about Paris life before and after WWII"

"Robert Doisneau", Hamilton, Peter, ISBN 2-905292873
                             (Coll. Dois) HOEBEKE (1995)

"La fête", Doisneau, Robert, ISBN : 2-84567029-X, (TANA, 2001). Info
by E. Bigler: "A short text with favourite ''parisian'' songs, twenty
30x30cm B&W offset reprints, all taken with a R-TLR"

"Lumières de Paris, promenades parisiennes" photos by Marcel Bovis,
text by Gabriel Bouvet, ISBN 2-7377-0413-8, LA MANUFACTURE (Lyon,
1996) Info by E. Bigler: "Marcel Bovis, another master of B&W
Rolleiflex images of Paris"


   4.3 Miscellaneous books with (among others) images taken with a Rollei camera

In English

"Upstream, fly fishing in the American West"    photo by Charles
Lindsay, essay by Thomas McGuane  ISBN 0893818895 (APERTURE, 2000)


"Entering Germany: 1944-1949" Vacallo, Tony, ISBN: 3822859087
(TASCHEN America, 2001)

"Shooting stars: Favorite Photos Taken by Classic Celebrities "
Zeitlin, David, ISBN 1-57544-077-6, (GENERAL PUBLISHING Corp. Los

"Capture the Moment: The Pulitzer Prize Photographs" by Cyma Rubin
(Editor), Eric Newton (Editor), Seymour Topping (Introduction)

"Irving Penn: Career in Photography", Westerback, Colin, ISBN 0865591520,
(Art Institute of Chicago, 1997)

Backroads of Northern California "Your Guide to Northern California's
Most Scenic Backroad Tours", A Pictorial Discovery Guide
Text and Photography by Dave Wyman

In French

"Henry Clarke, photographe de mode" ISBN 2-87900-721-6,
Paris-Musés-Somogy, Oct. 2002

"L'Abbaye Cistercienne en France", Clarisse Renaud, ISBN
2-84080-056-X - Editions Gaud, Aout 2002
"Regard sur le monde Cistercien tome I", Bernard Peugniez, ISBN
2-84080-080-2 - Editions Gaud, Juin 2002
Info by Emmanuel Bigler: "Two books illustrated by the French
photographer Henri Gaud. Most pictures (architecture) have been taken
with a view camera, however for certain pictures like aerial views
with long focal lengths, medium format rules, hence the use of a
Rollei 6008 as a companion of the large format camera."

  4.4 Photographers' sites and gallery-like web sites, most pictures taken with a Rollei camera

  4.4.1 Collective work

A web site hosting images taken with Rollei cameras:
For more information please contact Daniel Alexander pndalex, at

Another web site where RUGgers are welcome:
A presentation by Eric Goldstein

  4.4.2 Individual work
Olivier Bertrand (France), Black & White images, Rolleiflex 3,5F
Slobodan Dimitrov's web site "What's square is Rollei. What's rectangular is 4x5."  "Portraits of the Beat Generation"
The work of Pierre Verger (French, 1902-1996)

5. Miscellaneous references about Rollei and Rollei images : museum
   collections, movies, songs, etc...

In English

A Rollei-TLR-tape recorder !! by Bob Shell

Rollei camera featured in various movies / films and related thread

In French

"Negative Blues", a song (created in 1963) by the French artist Serge
Gainsbourg with an explicit reference to the Rolleiflex. Reference
pointed by Sanders McNew the text is here:,p12736

A video showing the artist singing this song in 1965 is hosted on
YouTube (look for: "Gainsbourg negative blues" in the YouTube search

In Portuguese
(info from Sanders McNew)
In "Desafina do", Joao Gilberto sings a poem credited to
Antônio Carlos Jobim / Newton Mendonça (1958)

Fotografei voce na minha Rolleiflex
Revelou-se a sua enorme engratidao

which is translated on one site as

I took your picture with my trusty Rolleiflex
And now all I have developed is complex


Note about Copyright issues: we make every effort to enforce
applicable copyrights.
Contact Marc James Small on the Rollei list for details.

The present RUG text FAQ document is maintained by Emmanuel Bigler
bigler, at

The HTML version of the RUG text FAQ is generated by the PERL script
"txt2html" version 2, originally written by Seth Golub; it can be
found at